# Memahami Rumus Positif Negatif Dalam Matematika: Panduan Lengkap Dan Contoh Soal

Daftar Isi

Rumus Positif Negatif, or Positive Negative Formula, is a math concept that is commonly taught in Indonesia. This formula is used to determine the sign of a product or quotient of two numbers based on the signs of the individual numbers. Understanding this formula can help students solve problems more quickly and accurately.

In this article, we will discuss the basic principles of the Rumus Positif Negatif, including its definition, the rules, and examples of its application.

## 1. Pengertian Rumus Positif Negatif

Rumus Positif Negatif is a mathematical concept used to determine the sign of the product or quotient of two numbers. It is based on the idea that when two numbers with the same sign are multiplied or divided, the result will be positive, while the result will be negative if the two numbers have opposite signs.

For example, if we multiply 5 and 6, both of which are positive numbers, we get a positive result of 30. However, if we multiply -5 and 6, one of which is negative, the result is -30, which is a negative number.

The Rumus Positif Negatif can also be used to determine the sign of the quotient of two numbers. For example, if we divide 10 by 2, both of which are positive numbers, we get a positive result of 5. However, if we divide -10 by 2, the result is -5, which is a negative number.

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## 2. Aturan Rumus Positif Negatif

To apply the Rumus Positif Negatif, we need to understand its basic rules. These rules dictate how the sign of the product or quotient should be determined based on the signs of the individual numbers.

The rules are as follows:

1. If both numbers are positive, the product or quotient will be positive.
2. If both numbers are negative, the product or quotient will be positive.
3. If one number is positive and the other is negative, the product or quotient will be negative.

To remember these rules, we can use the acronym PPN, which stands for Positif Positif Negatif. This acronym represents the order of the rules, which is positive times positive equals positive, positive times negative equals negative, and negative times negative equals positive.

## 3. Contoh Soal Penerapan Rumus Positif Negatif

Let’s explore some examples of how to apply the Rumus Positif Negatif to solve problems.

Contoh 1: Hitunglah hasil perkalian (-3) x (-4).

Solusi: Karena kedua angka tersebut negatif, maka kita dapat menggunakan aturan negatif kali negatif sama dengan positif. Jadi, (-3) x (-4) = 12.

Contoh 2: Hitunglah hasil perkalian 2 x (-8).

Solusi: Karena satu angka positif dan yang lainnya negatif, maka kita dapat menggunakan aturan positif kali negatif sama dengan negatif. Jadi, 2 x (-8) = -16.

Contoh 3: Hitunglah hasil pembagian 15 : (-3).

Solusi: Karena satu angka positif dan yang lainnya negatif, maka kita dapat menggunakan aturan positif dibagi negatif sama dengan negatif. Jadi, 15 : (-3) = -5.

Contoh 4: Hitunglah hasil pembagian (-18) : (-9).

Solusi: Karena kedua angka tersebut negatif, maka kita dapat menggunakan aturan negatif dibagi negatif sama dengan positif. Jadi, (-18) : (-9) = 2.

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## 4. Cara Menggunakan Rumus Positif Negatif

To use the Rumus Positif Negatif, we need to follow these steps:

1. Identify the signs of the two numbers that will be multiplied or divided.
2. Determine the rule that applies based on the signs of the two numbers.
3. Apply the rule to determine the sign of the product or quotient.

For example, if we are asked to find the product of -4 and 3, we can follow these steps:

1. Identify the signs of the numbers: -4 is negative, and 3 is positive.
2. Determine the rule that applies: positive times negative equals negative.
3. Apply the rule to determine the sign of the product: -4 x 3 = -12.

## 5. Kesimpulan

Rumus Positif Negatif is an important mathematical concept that can help students solve problems more quickly and accurately. By understanding the basic rules of this formula, we can determine the sign of the product or quotient of two numbers based on the signs of the individual numbers. The Rumus Positif Negatif can be applied to a variety of mathematical problems, making it a valuable tool for students of all ages.